A computer how Brainoware works that integrates electronic chips and human neurons

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Neural networks? Intelligence artificial? Neuromorphic chips? It can be done better. Instead of mimicking traffic brain human in ours computerwhy not imitate i computer you are our brains. Let’s talk about biocomputeror as some experts call it Hello“organoid intelligence” (or perhaps organoids), a new approach that intertwines neuroscience AND computer Science and thus use our plasticity, memory and immense computing capacity biological “hardware”., for the potential capabilities of electronic calculators. This is nothing new, at least in the strict sense of the word (there are those who have successfully tried to do this about twenty years ago), but a new study just published in Natural electronics describes the most advanced attempt ever made in this field: a device that combines organoids intellectual (artificial microbrains made from stem cells) e chip electronicwhich has proven to be able to keep up with the most advanced traditional AIs.

Biological supercomputers

The prototype was created by a team of researchers from Indiana University of Bloomington led by an expert from intelligent systems engineering Feng Guo and it is the first practical experimentation with an approach that its creators have decided to call “Brainware“. The aim of the researchers is to exploit the potential neurons peoplebiological chips capable of working simultaneously from both tables OF Memory it gives microprocessorsintegrates them into a Hardware electronic responsible for shipping input and receive and interpret exit developed by them.

In the human brain, they are concentrated something like 86 billion neurons in constant mutual communication, mutually connected about a billiards OF synapses. The computing power of this body is still completely unattainable by electronic technologies: the most ambitious attempt was made in 2013 on supercomputer K ofInstitute for Advanced Computer Science Rikenin Japan and with his people 82 thousand processors It is petabytes The memory simulation took approximately 40 minutes 2% of assets which the human brain can do in one second.

With a lot computing powereven a microscopic piece of brain tissue could prove to be extremely useful and powerful as computer hardware. And today, thankfully, thanks to developments in small organoid technology in recent years, it’s easy organs artificial which are created from cells stopand made k self-organize in three-dimensional structures as similar as possible to a miniature human organ. They are generally used to study the development and functioning of human organs in vitro. But nothing prevents you from connecting them to your computer and watching what happens. And that’s exactly what American scientists did.

How Brainoware works

The device consists of organoid formed by brain cells at different stages of development, connected by electrodes sa computer traditional, responsible for managing inputs and outputs. The device was developed using the protocol machine learning known as reservoir countingin which the information is processed by a tank (in this case an organoid) that is trained in such a way unattended, that is, without anyone telling him whether what he is doing is right or wrong, while his outputs are interpreted by a trained algorithm under the supervision of developers. Practical, mini brain the biological is left to its own devices change its internal states and connections between neurons depending on the electrical inputs it receiveswithout anyone interfering in the process, while the electronic hardware reads the output data and is trained to interpret it and make predictions and classifications on it.

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