Biofuels, here is how they can accompany electric vehicles in the progress of mobility

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L’electrificationitself, is unable to guarantee full decarbonisation of the transport sector, but it is necessary to adopt other innovative solutions useful for reducing harmful emissions. Saying goodbye to fossil fuels is (at least in the short term) an unthinkable challenge, in the face of an increase in energy demand, especially in developing countries and emerging markets. It is widely used in this context biofuelsthe use of which is – unsurprisingly – included in the strategic plan of the European Commission REPowerEUfocused on promotioncircular economy and reducing net carbon dioxide emissions.

Agricultural waste as a source of energy

Biofuels are fuels obtained by processing raw materials of biological origin, produced by recovery biomass from residues and waste, such as used cooking oils. Thanks to the use of new technologies, other organic residues, such as tree plants, represent potentially useful resources today croton AND heveaor component municipal solid waste.

The possibility of using waste materials, It goes without sayingprefers to create a model circular economy, improving waste management and reducing the consumption of raw materials. Biofuels therefore in line with the achievement carbon neutrality in 2050, to become a valid alternative to traditional fuels for the transport sector. However, they are also potentially useful for the development of projects with a high social impact and for the energy development of countries with developing economies: in addition to supporting the development agricultural communities and support the creation of new jobs, creation energy agrocentres in fact, it allows you to rebuild abandoned areas and engage their local communities.

These are some of the objectives, for example, of the Eni project to start a supply chain for the production of raw materials for biofuels in Kenya. Specifically, cooperation with more than 50,000 farmers on the production of fuels with a reduced environmental impact has been initiated, starting from wheelwhich is one of the main crops in the area.

Social development and rehabilitation of agriculture

In recent years, numerous oil refineries around the world have been converted into biofuel production centers. In Italy, for example, it happened Frost it’s on Porto Marghera (Venice), where raw materials of biogenic origin are used for the production of HVO diesel, bio-LPG, biojet and biodiesel intended for the chemical supply chain. To process them, Eni has developed the technologies necessary to make the process of converting raw materials of biological origin into biofuels ever more efficient. An example is Ecological cleaninga process consisting of two stages: hydrodeoxygenationie addition of hydrogen with elimination of oxygen and the following isomerization improve cold biofuel properties. Thanks to the great flexibility and versatility of the technology, it is possible to adapt production to market requirements.

After all, biofuels do already present at Enilive gas stations: for example, when we find the inscription HVOlution at the pump, it means that the fuel is diesel made from 100% renewable raw materials. And from a practical point of view, nothing changes for the refueller, because the function of the dispenser and the vehicle remain unchanged for compatible vehicles.

In terms of a technologically neutral approach to the energy transition, biofuels represent one an indispensable and complementary solution for others to reduce carbon dioxide emissions. In aviation, for example, they represent the only concrete alternative for the decarbonisation of air transport, a sector that has also been developing rapidly in recent years.

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