National Space Day: Italian Space Track Exhibition


National Space Day was established by the Italian government on December 16, 2021. The date commemorates the launch of the San Marco 1 satellite in 1964, making Italy the third country to put its own satellite into orbit. Sixty years later, Italy continues to play a key role in the space race.

Worldwide. For this reason, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation decided to mark the anniversary with a special initiative this year: an exhibition that illustrates our country’s many contributions to human and other space missions and the development of the technologies that make them possible. And to create the content of the exhibition called Italian Space Trackthey told us at Focus: a prestigious assignment that honored us and also entertained us.

Themes of the exhibition. The exhibition is divided into 6 sections covering topics such as Earth Observation, On-Orbit Services and Robotics, Safety and Space Debris, Space Exploration, Space Transportation and Space Weather. Each section presents texts, images and videos accessible via QR code.

The Earth Observation section is devoted to the role of satellites in monitoring our planet. Not only for weather forecasts, but also for measuring pollution and global warming, for helping with extreme climate events (floods, earthquakes, eruptions…) and for checking the health of soil, forests and oceans. In the second part, On-Orbit Services and Robotics, we talk about how today we can imagine a near future populated by satellite robots able to bring order to satellites, move them and repair them, thanks to a project by the Italian space team. Agency. The third section, devoted to Safety and Space Debris, illustrates the technologies and systems put in place to avoid the problems caused by pushing satellites into orbit and the risk, however remote, of an asteroid colliding with Earth.

From exploration to space weather. The Space Exploration section outlines the many contributions of Italian institutions and companies to missions to the planets of the Solar System, such as the ExoMars project that will bring the Rosalind Franklin rover to Mars, which will drill into the ground in search of life forms. on a drill from the Italian company Leonardo.

The fifth section Italian Space Track instead, it focuses on Space Transport, where Italy is playing a leading role both with its Vega and Vega C launch vehicles, made by Avio, and with Space Rider, Europe’s future automated space shuttle for on-orbit experiments, on which the center is collaborating with Italian aerospace research.

Vega - C Pac

The Vega-C rocket is lifted from its hangar on the occasion of its inaugural launch (in July 2022).
© Avio

And finally, the last part of the exhibition deals with space meteorology, an extremely important branch of today’s research, which deals with the study and forecasting of disturbances arising on the Sun and their influence on terrestrial technologies (satellites in orbit, but including terrestrial ones). equipment) and living organisms.

The main hero of Italy. Minister of Foreign Affairs Antonio Tajani underlined Italy’s role in space, being the third contributor to the European Space Agency, and also emphasized the importance of space discoveries and technologies in everyday life and in the management of the planet’s resources.

The exhibition is created in collaboration with AIDAA, ASI and other Italian space actors in preparation for the International Astronautical Federation Congress 2024 in Milan.


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