What are the most poisonous animals in Italy?

[ad_1]

Horned viper
The horned viper is one of the most poisonous vipers not only in Italy, but in the whole of Europe.
Daniel Ingemi Daniel Ingemi 7 minutes

Unlike many other countries, especially in the tropical belt, in Italy there are not many species of animals capable of seriously threatening our lives. There are very few venomous animals that can pose a danger. Among them we find some species of reptiles, fish and insects.

Some of them are not even that well known, so it is necessary to pay some attention and avoid unpleasant inconveniences in certain situations. Among the most common species that can be seen the most are: the horned viper, the fiddler spider and the weaver.

Horned viper

PUSH horned viper (Vipera ammodytes) it is one of the most poisonous vipers not only in Italy, but in all of Europe. In Italy, it is found mainly in the Friuli Venezia Giulia and Veneto regions. Characterized by a soft and flexible horn of flesh at the tip of the snout, the typical color of this reptile is usually gray in males and reddish brown in females with a darker diamond pattern on the back.

It usually does not exceed one meter in length. It is a rather shy species that is not very aggressive unless provoked. Its venom damages the victim’s nervous system and red blood cells and takes effect in a very short time.

In addition, the horned viper can also bite without releasing venom. This happens when the reptile believes that the prey is not tasty enough. Among the symptoms of poisoning are remembered redness and swelling of the area affected by the bite, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, cardiovascular collapse and shock with loss of consciousness.

Weever

PUSH Weever (Echiichthys vipera) it is a salty fish that lives along the Mediterranean coast in sandy and rocky seabeds. In Italy it is widespread in all coastal areas. It has poisonous spines on its back, which it usually carries down. These spines, when erect, are used by fish for both defense and prey. If you step on them, they can penetrate a person’s skin and release a poison that is not fatal, but very painful and annoying.

Weever
A specimen of weever lurking on the sandy seabed. It has poisonous spines on its back, which it usually carries down.

The pain felt is very intense, characterized by a strong burning sensation that can spread over the entire affected limb and last for hours. In some cases, the pain can lead to nausea and vomiting. Since some components of the venom are thermolabile, meaning they are inactivated by heat, soaking the affected area in hot water can help a lot.

Mediterranean black widow

PUSH Mediterranean black widow (Latrodectus tredecimguttatus) it is a spider found in the Tyrrhenian regions, in Puglia and Sardinia, a very close relative of the American black widow, which is much more dangerous and deadly than the Italian arachnid. The term black widow comes from the ability to kill males after mating.

It is easily recognized by its presence thirteen red spots on the black belly, and it is for this peculiarity that the species has the name “tredecimguttatus”, a Latin word meaning thirteen points.

black Widow
This arachnid lives in tree meadows and dry, stony places. A female bite alone can cause sweating, nausea, vomiting, tremors, headaches, abdominal cramps, and rarely death.

This arachnid lives in tree meadows and dry, stony places. A female bite alone can cause sweating, nausea, vomiting, tremors, headaches, abdominal cramps, and rarely death.

In Italy in 1987, two women died within a few months of being bitten black Widow.

However, male specimens do not exceed one centimeter and are unable to pierce the skin. The amount of poison released into the victim is not such that it can kill him, but in the case of a child bite, the situation can turn drastically.

Violin spider

The the violin spider (Loxosceles rufescens) is a small spider, brownish in color with a dark violin-shaped spot on its back. It generally lives in temperate environments such as human dwellings and is a nocturnal animal with a shy and not very aggressive behavior that tends to escape whenever possible.

Violin spider
The violin spider (Loxosceles rufescens) is a small brownish spider with a dark violin-shaped spot on its back.

It can happen that the spider hides in shoes, clothes or household linen. In such cases, the probability of a bite increases if the spider is crushed or feels attacked. The bite is not felt immediately and is not always accompanied by the inoculation of necrotizing poison.

Mostly, spider is responsible for local phenomena of little clinical significance, such as redness, itching and irritation. In debilitated or hypersensitive individuals, the venom can lead to loxoscelism, a rare pathology that manifests locally as very painful ulcers that may require surgical treatment in the worst case.



[ad_2]

Source link

Leave a Comment